Arsenal failed in a last-gasp effort to bring Yoann Gourcuff to North London.
The claims come from Lyon president Luis Attaque, who says contact was made by the Gunners the day before deadline day with regards to a possible temporary deal. However, a deal could not be struck on deadline day as the window slammed shut at 11pm.
"I got a call on the penultimate day of the transfer window from Gilles Grimandi [Arsenal scout] asking for a loan," Attaque told RMC Sport.
"We believe in re-establishing Yoann. He has been operated upon. He has just resumed training.
"We have chosen Gourcuff, like last year. It was hard last season. Hopefully he will demonstrate his capabilities this term."
Gourcuff has been heavily liked with a move to the Barclays Premier League in the past, with Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger a known admirer of the talented 25-year-old playmaker.
After failing to secure the French international though, the Emirates outfit turned their attentions to Mikel Arteta, bringing the Spaniard to Arsenal in the closing stages of August, 31st.
Yossi Benayoun has also been drafted in by the Gunners on loan, although a move for the former Bordeaux midfielder could happen in the future given the long-term interest of Arsenal in the player.