England fans' leaders claim the threat of racist abuse has contributed to supporters choosing not to go to Ukraine for the three Euro 2012 group games.
Former England defender Sol Campbell has warned black or Asian fans not to risk going to the Ukraine and Kevin Miles, international director for the Football Supporters' Federation, said while they would not go that far they would urge caution.
Mr Miles said Ukraine would see the smallest contingent of England fans for any European Championship due to problems of transport, expensive accommodation - and the reputation for racism. He said: "The threat of racism is one of the issues behind the small number of England fans expected to attend the tournament."
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