An enthralling second morning at Lords ended with Tim Bresnan trapping Shane Watson leg before wicket as the teams went into lunch with honours even.
Earlier, Ryan Harris had removed Bresnan with the first ball of the day to put Australia firmly in control with England struggling at 289-8.
However, some lusty blows late on from final wicket pair Stuart Broad and Graeme Swann propelled England to a respectable 361. Broad and Swann put on 48, a record last wicket stand for England in Ashes Tests at Lords.
Harris removed Anderson to complete a five-wicket haul and get his name on the hallowed Lords honours board before Swann and Broad dented his figures with some big hitting.
James Pattinson, so profligate for much of the innings, finally had Broad caught behind for 33 off 29 balls to end the innings. Swann hit five boundaries in a busy innings of 28 off 26 balls.
Australia made a strong start with Watson finding the fence with easy after some slow opening overs. In just under an hour, and with both batsmen set, they reached 42-0 before Bresnan trapped Watson leg before.
Not for the first time in the series, the Australian opener reviewed the decision, but to no avail as HawkEye showed the ball was hitting leg stump. Chris Rogers, the Middlesex captain playing on his home ground, was rather more reserved in reaching 12 not out at lunch.
England will hope for more of the same after lunch as Anderson, so impressive at Trent Bridge, appeared to have a good rhythm in the morning session.
Graeme Swann was struck on the arm by a bouncer while batting but re-appeared to bowl the penultimate over before lunch. With the wicket becoming drier and drier, he may have a key role to play as the match goes on.
The 70 runs added by England this morning may yet prove to be crucial. A total of 361 is perhaps slightly below par, but more than defendable. While England would have hoped to reach 400, Steve Smith's three late wickets last night had put these thoughts temporarily on hold and 361 looks a respectable total.
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