Anderson had been charged with a level three offence after supposedly pushing Jadeja during a confrontation in the course of the first Test, while the India player received a charge of a level one offence, but both men were ultimately found not guilty.
This will be particularly pleasing for the England set-up as Anderson, the leading wicket taker in this series against India with 16, faced a hefty ban of four matches if found guilty which would of course have ruled him out for the rest of the series.
The ban would have come at a particularly bad time for England as Anderson, who at one time was indisputably the best swing bowler in the world, had finally begun to find his form again after a difficult start to the series and in the series against Sri Lanka.
Great news for England
Anderson is the seam bowler this England bowling unit is built around, and to lose him at this stage would have been disastrous for their hopes of winning the series, particularly with Stuart Broad looking well short of his best, while Chris Woakes and Chris Jordan, whilst tidy at Southampton, never really threatening to blow India's batsmen away.
It remains to be seen what effect this ruling has on the two teams. There have already been various other incidents and clashes and this ruling will only add fuel to the flames.
England will be delighted with the news, India less so of course, but we can only hope this doesn't become the major talking point of what has otherwise been a closely fought and exciting series so far.