The 2016 summer transfer window will be remembered for years to come.
Premier League clubs spent a combined £1billion for the first time ever, while as many as 13 different clubs from the top-flight broke their club record signing - not to mention the fact that Manchester United smashed the world record fee by spending £89million on Paul Pogba.
But it wasn’t just in England that ridiculous money was being spent. All across Europe, it appeared that hugely inflated fees were being spent on players.
As a result, CIES Football Observatory have produced a list of the top-10 overpriced signings from this summer. They have used an algorithm to determine how much a player is worth compared to how much they sold for and, unsurprisingly, the Premier League features heavily.
There are certainly plenty of surprises, check out the top-10 list below:
1. Gonzalo Higuain | Napoli to Juventus | Estimated value €66.2m | Transfer fee €90m | Difference €23.8m
The Argentine became one of the most expensive footballers of all-time when he moved from Napoli to their arch-rivals, Juventus. With the striker turning 29 this year, it’s no surprise to see him at the top of this list no matter how prolific he is. The only way he can pay back the fee is by scoring goals and he did just that on his debut in a 2-1 win over Fiorentina.
2. Eric Bailly | Villarreal to Manchester United | Estimated value €14.9m | Transfer fee €38.4m | Difference €23.5m
The Ivorian is actually United’s most over-priced player, not Pogba. The 22-year-old wasn’t exactly a proven defender when he arrived at Old Trafford but has settled very well in Jose Mourinho’s side. It could prove to be money well spent if he can continue to impress.
3. Kevin Gameiro | Sevilla to Atletico Madrid | Estimated value €14.5m | Transfer fee €37m | Difference €22.5m
After scoring 29 goals in all competitions for Sevilla, Gameiro earned a move to Atleti. At the age of 29, it was certainly a huge fee to pay but Diego Simeone will hope he can continue his goalscoring form at the Vincente Calderon.
4. Yannick Bolasie | Crystal Palace to Everton | Estimated value €12.2m | Transfer fee €34.6m | Difference €22.4m
Everton aren’t exactly renowned for spending big, but they splashed out on Bolasie. The tricky winger is 27-years-old and will need to improve on his 13 goals in 144 appearances if he is to pay back his transfer fee.
5. Granit Xhaka | Borussia Monchengladbach to Arsenal | Estimated value €28.8m | Transfer fee €50m | Difference €21.2m
Yes, Arsene Wenger overpaid for a player. The Swiss international was snapped up early this summer by the Frenchman as he looked to strengthen his midfield. He’s only 23 and could have a long successful career at the Gunners.
6. John Stones | Everton to Manchester City | Estimated value €38.2m | Transfer fee €58.5m | Difference €20.3m
Much was made of Stones’ move to Manchester City but the 22-year-old already looks like he could be a sensational defender under Pep Guardiola. His ability to play the ball out from the back is very important for his Spanish boss.
7. David Luiz | PSG to Chelsea | Estimated value €20.2m | Transfer fee €40m | Difference €19.8m
Eyebrows were raised when this deal was first reported a day before the transfer window shut. While is wasn’t the most sensational return to a former club, (see number 9 for that) Chelsea paid a huge fee for the erratic 29-year-old.
8. Marcos Alonso | Fiorentina to Chelsea | Estimated value €9.8m | Transfer fee €26.5m | Difference €16.5m
Another deadline day deal for Antonio Conte’s side. With Branislav Ivanovic coming to the end of his career, Chelsea desperately needed another full-back this season. If Alonso plays on the left-side, it could allow Cesar Azpilicueta to switch over to the right.
9. Paul Pogba | Juventus to Manchester United | Estimated value €94.8m | Transfer fee €110m | Difference €15.2
This may surprise you, but Pogba is only the ninth most over-priced player this summer. The fact that he’s only 23 may contribute to that - plus he’s already a proven midfielder. There is certainly a lot of pressure on his shoulders to see if he can live up to his price-tag, though.
10. Leroy Sane | Schalke to Manchester City | Estimated value €37.8m | Transfer fee €52.3m | Difference €14.5m
The young German may not have played yet, but it seems he’s over-priced. He’s only 20-years-old but, after a full season in the Bundesliga with Schalke under his belt, it seems as though he can contribute to City’s side immediately.
So, eight of the 10 most over-priced players moved to the Premier League this summer. But, maybe the most surprising aspect of the study was the fact that Pogba was only the ninth over-priced player, with teammate Eric Bailly up in second.