Reading have completed the signings of Chris Gunter and Adrian Mariappa on three-year deals.
Former Cardiff and Tottenham full-back Gunter joins from Nottingham Forest for an undisclosed fee, although Reading say they have made a "sizeable outlay" for the 22-year-old.
Defender Mariappa arrives from Watford with the Royals stating they have paid "a significant fee" for his services.
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