The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) have banned all Russian athletes from competing at next month's Paralympic games.
Suspension proceedings were opened in July after an eye-opening report published by Canadian law professor and sports lawyer Dr Richard McLaren claimed Russia were operating a systematic doping programme.
A decision has now been made after the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided against enforcing a blanket ban on athletes for the Rio 2016 Olympics.
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The IPC announced their verdict at a news conference on Sunday, where president Sir Philip Craven said: "The anti-doping system in Russia is broken, corrupted and entirely compromised.
"The Russian Paralympic Committee are unable to ensure compliance with and enforcement of the IPC anti-doping code and the world anti-doping code within their own national jurisdiction and they can not fulfil its fundamental obligation as an IPC member.
"As a result, the Russian Paralympic Committee (RPC) is suspended with immediate effect."
The RPC are expected to appeal their ban but the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) are unlikely to overturn the decision.
A total of 118 athletes were eventually banned from the Olympic games by a three-man IOC panel, despite calls for the whole 389-strong team to be refused participation in Rio.
Instead, 271 of Russia's athletes were cleared of doping.
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